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Mastoid surgery refers to a surgical procedure involving the mastoid bone, which is located behind the ear. This surgery is typically performed to treat various conditions affecting the mastoid bone and surrounding structures, such as chronic mastoiditis, cholesteatoma (an abnormal skin growth in the middle ear), or complications of ear infections.

There are different types of mastoid surgeries, including:

  1. Mastoidectomy: This procedure involves removing part or all of the mastoid bone to treat chronic mastoiditis or cholesteatoma. It may also involve removing infected tissue or repairing damaged structures in the middle ear.

  2. Tympanoplasty: Sometimes performed in conjunction with mastoidectomy, tympanoplasty is a procedure to repair the eardrum and middle ear structures.

  3. Cochlear implantation: In some cases of severe hearing loss or deafness, a cochlear implant may be surgically placed in the inner ear, which may involve accessing the mastoid bone.

Mastoid surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and may require a hospital stay depending on the complexity of the procedure and the patient's condition. Recovery time varies, but patients may experience some discomfort, swelling, and temporary changes in hearing after surgery.

As with any surgical procedure, mastoid surgery carries certain risks, including infection, bleeding, damage to nearby structures such as facial nerves, and hearing loss. However, with advancements in surgical techniques and technology, complications are relatively rare, and many patients experience significant improvement in their symptoms following mastoid surgery. It's essential for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with their healthcare provider before undergoing surgery.

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